Europe–Africa relations are facing a double challenge – the COVID-19 pandemic puts social and economic systems under strain at a point when the consequences of the climate crisis are being increasingly felt on both continents. Within Africa and Europe, debates have started about recovery measures to address the pandemic’s short and medium-term socio-economic consequences. A key question in these debates is how to “build back better” and use the crisis to promote green transitions and move towards more sustainable development pathways.
The years preceding the health crisis linked to the Covid-19 pandemic, marked in particular by the oil counter-shock of 2014 and the signing of the Paris Climate Agreement of 2015, saw the emergence of (weak) signals of diversification of the activity and investment of certain oil companies—essentially the European majors—towards low-carbon energies. While these announcements could have a knock-on effect on the sector, they are still very insufficient in view of the effort required to initiate a rapid and profound transition of the sector towards decarbonisation,2 and are contested by several civil society actors.
Tancrède Voituriez, Elisabeth Hege, Giulia Maci and Christine Hackenesch suggest some practical ways of translating the EU’s overall support for the SDGs into concrete action.
Christine Hackenesch , Adolf Kloke-Lesch and Janina Sturm look at how the EU can anchor the 2030 Agenda in its policy
As COP21 gets underway, this ETTG briefing looks at the challenges and opportunities for EU climate action at COP21 and beyond.