Three concurrent crises — climate change, the COVID-19 pandemic and the conflict in Ukraine — have combined to worsen food insecurity and malnutrition around the globe. Extreme climate events are becoming more frequent and severe, magnifying the already higher food prices caused by agricultural supply chain disruptions precipitated first by the pandemic and now by geopolitical turbulence. The Rome Based Agencies are called to provide concrete and effective responses to these multi-crises. This report is the result of an Open Consultation Forum organised with IFAD running candidates in June 2022.
There are three main actors in the Italian development cooperation system: (i) the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
The Spanish system for international development cooperation consists of a web of official institutions, at different administrative levels, as well
British International Investment (BII) is the United Kingdom’s development finance institution (DFI). It is entirely owned by the UK government
In France, blending operations are implemented by the public development bank (PDB) Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and the development
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has longstanding experience in coordinating and working with donors. The EBRD relationship
The European Investment Bank (EIB) cooperates with the European Union (EU), its member states and their development agencies at both
The Dutch government has a longstanding and comprehensive cooperation with the Dutch Entrepreneurial Development Bank (FMO) via the Ministry of
In this policy brief, we analyse the direct effects and implications of the war in Ukraine on energy security, industrial supply chains, food security and environmental protection in the EU and in developing countries.
With the increasing reliance on development finance to mobilise resources and catalyse private sector initiatives and finance at scale for